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TiffWriter.cpp

/*
    Scan Tailor - Interactive post-processing tool for scanned pages.
    Copyright (C) 2007-2008  Joseph Artsimovich <joseph_a@mail.ru>

    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

#include "TiffWriter.h"
#include "Dpm.h"
#include "imageproc/Constants.h"
#include <QtGlobal>
#include <QFile>
#include <QIODevice>
#include <QImage>
#include <QColor>
#include <QVector>
#include <QSize>
#include <QDebug>
#include <vector>
#include <tiff.h>
#include <tiffio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <assert.h>

/**
 * m_reverseBitsLUT[byte] gives the same byte, but with bit order reversed.
 */
uint8_t const
TiffWriter::m_reverseBitsLUT[256] = {
      0x00, 0x80, 0x40, 0xc0, 0x20, 0xa0, 0x60, 0xe0,
      0x10, 0x90, 0x50, 0xd0, 0x30, 0xb0, 0x70, 0xf0,
      0x08, 0x88, 0x48, 0xc8, 0x28, 0xa8, 0x68, 0xe8,
      0x18, 0x98, 0x58, 0xd8, 0x38, 0xb8, 0x78, 0xf8,
      0x04, 0x84, 0x44, 0xc4, 0x24, 0xa4, 0x64, 0xe4,
      0x14, 0x94, 0x54, 0xd4, 0x34, 0xb4, 0x74, 0xf4,
      0x0c, 0x8c, 0x4c, 0xcc, 0x2c, 0xac, 0x6c, 0xec,
      0x1c, 0x9c, 0x5c, 0xdc, 0x3c, 0xbc, 0x7c, 0xfc,
      0x02, 0x82, 0x42, 0xc2, 0x22, 0xa2, 0x62, 0xe2,
      0x12, 0x92, 0x52, 0xd2, 0x32, 0xb2, 0x72, 0xf2,
      0x0a, 0x8a, 0x4a, 0xca, 0x2a, 0xaa, 0x6a, 0xea,
      0x1a, 0x9a, 0x5a, 0xda, 0x3a, 0xba, 0x7a, 0xfa,
      0x06, 0x86, 0x46, 0xc6, 0x26, 0xa6, 0x66, 0xe6,
      0x16, 0x96, 0x56, 0xd6, 0x36, 0xb6, 0x76, 0xf6,
      0x0e, 0x8e, 0x4e, 0xce, 0x2e, 0xae, 0x6e, 0xee,
      0x1e, 0x9e, 0x5e, 0xde, 0x3e, 0xbe, 0x7e, 0xfe,
      0x01, 0x81, 0x41, 0xc1, 0x21, 0xa1, 0x61, 0xe1,
      0x11, 0x91, 0x51, 0xd1, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x71, 0xf1,
      0x09, 0x89, 0x49, 0xc9, 0x29, 0xa9, 0x69, 0xe9,
      0x19, 0x99, 0x59, 0xd9, 0x39, 0xb9, 0x79, 0xf9,
      0x05, 0x85, 0x45, 0xc5, 0x25, 0xa5, 0x65, 0xe5,
      0x15, 0x95, 0x55, 0xd5, 0x35, 0xb5, 0x75, 0xf5,
      0x0d, 0x8d, 0x4d, 0xcd, 0x2d, 0xad, 0x6d, 0xed,
      0x1d, 0x9d, 0x5d, 0xdd, 0x3d, 0xbd, 0x7d, 0xfd,
      0x03, 0x83, 0x43, 0xc3, 0x23, 0xa3, 0x63, 0xe3,
      0x13, 0x93, 0x53, 0xd3, 0x33, 0xb3, 0x73, 0xf3,
      0x0b, 0x8b, 0x4b, 0xcb, 0x2b, 0xab, 0x6b, 0xeb,
      0x1b, 0x9b, 0x5b, 0xdb, 0x3b, 0xbb, 0x7b, 0xfb,
      0x07, 0x87, 0x47, 0xc7, 0x27, 0xa7, 0x67, 0xe7,
      0x17, 0x97, 0x57, 0xd7, 0x37, 0xb7, 0x77, 0xf7,
      0x0f, 0x8f, 0x4f, 0xcf, 0x2f, 0xaf, 0x6f, 0xef,
      0x1f, 0x9f, 0x5f, 0xdf, 0x3f, 0xbf, 0x7f, 0xff
};


00077 class TiffWriter::TiffHandle
{
public:
      TiffHandle(TIFF* handle) : m_pHandle(handle) {}
      
      ~TiffHandle() { if (m_pHandle) TIFFClose(m_pHandle); }
      
      TIFF* handle() const { return m_pHandle; }
private:
      TIFF* m_pHandle;
};


static tsize_t deviceRead(thandle_t context, tdata_t data, tsize_t size)
{
      // Not implemented.
      return 0;
}

static tsize_t deviceWrite(thandle_t context, tdata_t data, tsize_t size)
{
      QIODevice* dev = (QIODevice*)context;
      return (tsize_t)dev->write(static_cast<char*>(data), size);
}

static toff_t deviceSeek(thandle_t context, toff_t offset, int whence)
{
      QIODevice* dev = (QIODevice*)context;
      
      switch (whence) {
            case SEEK_SET:
                  dev->seek(offset);
                  break;
            case SEEK_CUR:
                  dev->seek(dev->pos() + offset);
                  break;
            case SEEK_END:
                  dev->seek(dev->size() + offset);
                  break;
      }
      
      return dev->pos();
}

static int deviceClose(thandle_t context)
{
      QIODevice* dev = (QIODevice*)context;
      dev->close();
      return 0;
}

static toff_t deviceSize(thandle_t context)
{
      QIODevice* dev = (QIODevice*)context;
      return dev->size();
}

static int deviceMap(thandle_t, tdata_t*, toff_t*)
{
      // Not implemented.
      return 0;
}

static void deviceUnmap(thandle_t, tdata_t, toff_t)
{
      // Not implemented.
}

bool
00146 TiffWriter::writeImage(QString const& file_path, QImage const& image)
{
      if (image.isNull()) {
            return false;
      }
      
      QFile file(file_path);
      if (!file.open(QFile::WriteOnly)) {
            return false;
      }
      
      if (!writeImage(file, image)) {
            file.remove();
            return false;
      }
      
      return true;
}

bool
00166 TiffWriter::writeImage(QIODevice& device, QImage const& image)
{
      if (image.isNull()) {
            return false;
      }
      if (!device.isWritable()) {
            return false;
      }
      if (device.isSequential()) {
            // libtiff needs to be able to seek.
            return false;
      }
      
      TiffHandle tif(
            TIFFClientOpen(
                  // Libtiff seems to be buggy with L or H flags,
                  // so we use B.
                  "file", "wBm", &device, &deviceRead, &deviceWrite,
                  &deviceSeek, &deviceClose, &deviceSize,
                  &deviceMap, &deviceUnmap
            )
      );
      if (!tif.handle()) {
            return false;
      }
      
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_IMAGEWIDTH, uint32(image.width()));
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_IMAGELENGTH, uint32(image.height()));
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_SAMPLEFORMAT, SAMPLEFORMAT_UINT);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_PLANARCONFIG, PLANARCONFIG_CONTIG);
      setDpm(tif, Dpm(image));
      
      switch (image.format()) {
            case QImage::Format_Mono:
            case QImage::Format_MonoLSB:
            case QImage::Format_Indexed8:
                  return writeBitonalOrIndexed8Image(tif, image);
            default:;
      }
      
      if (image.hasAlphaChannel()) {
            return writeARGB32Image(
                  tif, image.convertToFormat(QImage::Format_ARGB32)
            );
      } else {
            return writeRGB32Image(
                  tif, image.convertToFormat(QImage::Format_RGB32)
            );
      }
}

/**
 * Set the physical resolution, if it's defined.
 */
void
00221 TiffWriter::setDpm(TiffHandle const& tif, Dpm const& dpm)
{
      using namespace imageproc::constants;
      
      if (dpm.isNull()) {
            return;
      }
      
      float xres = 0.01 * dpm.horizontal(); // cm
      float yres = 0.01 * dpm.vertical(); // cm
      uint16 unit = RESUNIT_CENTIMETER;
      
      // If we have a round (or almost round) DPI, then
      // write it as DPI rather than dots per cm.
      double const xdpi = dpm.horizontal() * DPM2DPI;
      double const ydpi = dpm.vertical() * DPM2DPI;
      double const rounded_xdpi = floor(xdpi + 0.5);
      double const rounded_ydpi = floor(ydpi + 0.5);
      if (fabs(xdpi - rounded_xdpi) < 0.02 &&
                  fabs(ydpi - rounded_ydpi) < 0.02) {
            xres = rounded_xdpi;
            yres = rounded_ydpi;
            unit = RESUNIT_INCH;
      }
      
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_XRESOLUTION, xres);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_YRESOLUTION, yres);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_RESOLUTIONUNIT, unit);
}

bool
TiffWriter::writeBitonalOrIndexed8Image(
      TiffHandle const& tif, QImage const& image)
{
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_SAMPLESPERPIXEL, uint16(1));
      
      uint16 compression = COMPRESSION_LZW;
      uint16 bits_per_sample = 8;
      uint16 photometric = PHOTOMETRIC_PALETTE;
      if (image.isGrayscale()) {
            photometric = PHOTOMETRIC_MINISBLACK;
      }
      
      switch (image.format()) {
            case QImage::Format_Mono:
            case QImage::Format_MonoLSB:
                  // Don't use CCITTFAX4 compression, as Photoshop
                  // has problems with it.
                  //compression = COMPRESSION_CCITTFAX4;
                  bits_per_sample = 1;
                  if (image.numColors() < 2) {
                        photometric = PHOTOMETRIC_MINISWHITE;
                  } else {
                        // Some programs don't understand
                        // palettized binary images, so don't
                        // use a palette for black and white images.
                        uint32_t const c0 = image.color(0);
                        uint32_t const c1 = image.color(1);
                        if (c0 == 0xffffffff && c1 == 0xff000000) {
                              photometric = PHOTOMETRIC_MINISWHITE;
                        } else if (c0 == 0xff000000 && c1 == 0xffffffff) {
                              photometric = PHOTOMETRIC_MINISBLACK;
                        }
                  }
                  break;
            default:;
      }
      
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_COMPRESSION, compression);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_BITSPERSAMPLE, bits_per_sample);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_PHOTOMETRIC, photometric);
      
      if (photometric == PHOTOMETRIC_PALETTE) {
            int const num_colors = 1 << bits_per_sample;
            QVector<QRgb> color_table(image.colorTable());
            if (color_table.size() > num_colors) {
                  color_table.resize(num_colors);
            }
            std::vector<uint16> pr(num_colors, 0);
            std::vector<uint16> pg(num_colors, 0);
            std::vector<uint16> pb(num_colors, 0);
            for (int i = 0; i < color_table.size(); ++i) {
                  QRgb const rgb = color_table[i];
                  pr[i] = (0xFFFF * qRed(rgb) + 128) / 255;
                  pg[i] = (0xFFFF * qGreen(rgb) + 128) / 255;
                  pb[i] = (0xFFFF * qBlue(rgb) + 128) / 255;
            }
            TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_COLORMAP, &pr[0], &pg[0], &pb[0]);
      }
      
      if (image.format() == QImage::Format_Indexed8) {
            return write8bitLines(tif, image);
      } else {
            if (image.format() == QImage::Format_MonoLSB) {
                  return writeBinaryLinesReversed(tif, image);
            } else {
                  return writeBinaryLinesAsIs(tif, image);
            }
      }
}

bool
TiffWriter::writeRGB32Image(
      TiffHandle const& tif, QImage const& image)
{
      assert(image.format() == QImage::Format_RGB32);
      
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_SAMPLESPERPIXEL, uint16(3));
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_COMPRESSION, COMPRESSION_LZW);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_BITSPERSAMPLE, uint16(8));
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_PHOTOMETRIC, PHOTOMETRIC_RGB);
      
      int const width = image.width();
      int const height = image.height();
      
      std::vector<uint8_t> tmp_line(width * 3);
      
      // Libtiff expects "RR GG BB" sequences regardless of CPU byte order.
      
      for (int y = 0; y < height; ++y) {
            uint32_t const* p_src = (uint32_t const*)image.scanLine(y);
            uint8_t* p_dst = &tmp_line[0];
            for (int x = 0; x < width; ++x) {
                  uint32_t const ARGB = *p_src;
                  p_dst[0] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB >> 16);
                  p_dst[1] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB >> 8);
                  p_dst[2] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB);
                  ++p_src;
                  p_dst += 3;
            }
            if (TIFFWriteScanline(tif.handle(), &tmp_line[0], y) == -1) {
                  return false;
            }
      }
      
      return true;
}

bool
TiffWriter::writeARGB32Image(
      TiffHandle const& tif, QImage const& image)
{
      assert(image.format() == QImage::Format_ARGB32);
      
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_SAMPLESPERPIXEL, uint16(4));
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_COMPRESSION, COMPRESSION_LZW);
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_BITSPERSAMPLE, uint16(8));
      TIFFSetField(tif.handle(), TIFFTAG_PHOTOMETRIC, PHOTOMETRIC_RGB);
      
      int const width = image.width();
      int const height = image.height();
      
      std::vector<uint8_t> tmp_line(width * 4);
      
      // Libtiff expects "RR GG BB AA" sequences regardless of CPU byte order.
      
      for (int y = 0; y < height; ++y) {
            uint32_t const* p_src = (uint32_t const*)image.scanLine(y);
            uint8_t* p_dst = &tmp_line[0];
            for (int x = 0; x < width; ++x) {
                  uint32_t const ARGB = *p_src;
                  p_dst[0] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB >> 16);
                  p_dst[1] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB >> 8);
                  p_dst[2] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB);
                  p_dst[3] = static_cast<uint8_t>(ARGB >> 24);
                  ++p_src;
                  p_dst += 4;
            }
            if (TIFFWriteScanline(tif.handle(), &tmp_line[0], y) == -1) {
                  return false;
            }
      }
      
      return true;
}

bool
TiffWriter::write8bitLines(
      TiffHandle const& tif, QImage const& image)
{
      int const width = image.width();
      int const height = image.height();
      
      // TIFFWriteScanline() can actually modify the data you pass it,
      // so we have to use a temporary buffer even when no coversion
      // is required.
      std::vector<uint8_t> tmp_line(width, 0);
      
      for (int y = 0; y < height; ++y) {
            uint8_t const* src_line = image.scanLine(y);
            memcpy(&tmp_line[0], src_line, tmp_line.size());
            if (TIFFWriteScanline(tif.handle(), &tmp_line[0], y) == -1) {
                  return false;
            }
      }
      
      return true;
}

bool
TiffWriter::writeBinaryLinesAsIs(
      TiffHandle const& tif, QImage const& image)
{
      int const width = image.width();
      int const height = image.height();
      
      // TIFFWriteScanline() can actually modify the data you pass it,
      // so we have to use a temporary buffer even when no coversion
      // is required.
      int const bpl = (width + 7) / 8;
      std::vector<uint8_t> tmp_line(bpl, 0);
      
      for (int y = 0; y < height; ++y) {
            uint8_t const* src_line = image.scanLine(y);
            memcpy(&tmp_line[0], src_line, bpl);
            if (TIFFWriteScanline(tif.handle(), &tmp_line[0], y) == -1) {
                  return false;
            }
      }
      
      return true;
}

bool
TiffWriter::writeBinaryLinesReversed(
      TiffHandle const& tif, QImage const& image)
{
      int const width = image.width();
      int const height = image.height();
      
      int const bpl = (width + 7) / 8;
      std::vector<uint8_t> tmp_line(bpl, 0);
      
      for (int y = 0; y < height; ++y) {
            uint8_t const* src_line = image.scanLine(y);
            for (int i = 0; i < bpl; ++i) {
                  tmp_line[i] = m_reverseBitsLUT[src_line[i]];
            }
            if (TIFFWriteScanline(tif.handle(), &tmp_line[0], y) == -1) {
                  return false;
            }
      }
      
      return true;
}

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